What Is a Master of Business Administration (MBA)?

What exactly Is  Master of Business Administration (MBA)?

A Master of Business Administration (MBA) is a postgraduate qualification that offers both theoretical and practical training in business and investment management.

It aims to equip graduates with comprehensive knowledge of general business management functions and can have a broad focus or specialize in areas like accounting, finance, marketing, or relationship management.

Brief description

  • An MBA is a postgraduate business degree that emphasizes management, business, and entrepreneurship. Students can choose to concentrate on other business aspects such as finance or risk management.
  • Nowadays, numerous schools provide specialized programs in areas like sports management, the entertainment business, or healthcare management.
  • For experienced professionals with time constraints, Executive MBA programs are available as an alternative to full-time schedules.
  • MBA programs come in various formats, including full-time, part-time, online, and international options, each with different acceptance requirements.

How a Master of Business Administration (MBA) Works

A Master of Business Administration (MBA) is an advanced degree beyond an undergraduate business program, offering graduates a competitive advantage over those with only undergraduate degrees.

These programs, commonly lasting two years, are available at numerous universities and colleges.

To enroll, applicants must take the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) and meet the program’s specific selection criteria.

MBA curricula generally consist of core courses in accounting, management, finance, marketing, and business law.

The primary focus of an MBA program is on management training, emphasizing leadership, planning, business strategy, organizational behavior, and the human aspects of running businesses of all sizes.

MBA programs are expanding their scope to encompass training in international business and emphasize the responsibilities and corporate accountability of businesses within their communities.

While an MBA degree remains vital for entering certain fields like strategic planning, hedge funds, and private equity firms, some financial services sectors no longer view it as a mandatory entry-level requirement.

Types of MBA Programs

MBA programs differ in disciplines, specialties, and institutions, providing a high likelihood for candidates to discover a suitable option that aligns with their schedule, interests, and time constraints.

Two-Year Full-Time

The two-year full-time MBA program is one of the most prevalent types, requiring candidates to dedicate themselves to their studies.

In the initial year, students typically acquire fundamental business skills like strategy and communication.

As the program progresses into the second year, candidates often have the opportunity to select more specialized electives aligned with their interests.

One-Year Full-Time

Accelerated programs condense a two-year MBA curriculum into a single year, making them a preferable choice for candidates who wish to minimize their time away from work.

These MBA programs are more intense and faster-paced, although they may need to sacrifice some content quantity to fit within the shorter timeframe.

In a one-year full-time MBA program, candidates can still acquire general business skills and choose specialized electives, although both aspects receive relatively less time due to the condensed coursework.

These programs are often favored by students looking to accelerate their current career path rather than transitioning to a different one.


For students who prefer to continue working and are willing to extend their time in school, a part-time MBA program is a suitable option.

This type of program offers more flexibility in terms of the number of courses taken at once and the pace at which students progress through the MBA curriculum.

Part-time programs can be highly advantageous for candidates who prefer studying at their own pace and have specific lifestyle demands to consider, such as being a single parent with limited availability for classes.

These programs often offer greater flexibility with evening or weekend classes, enabling candidates to balance their studies with part-time, freelance, or gig economy work.


An online MBA program shares similarities with the options mentioned earlier, offering two-year, one-year, or part-time alternatives.

It enables students to attend school remotely, providing them with enhanced flexibility in choosing class timings and attendance methods.

Online MBA programs may adopt distinct approaches to encourage collaboration compared to traditional in-person options.

International MBA

Certain MBA programs concentrate on global operations, attracting candidates interested in a broader focus beyond domestic companies or specific segments.

These programs can help students establish an international network and create opportunities worldwide.

International MBA candidates may display greater diversity compared to traditional or domestic MBAs, particularly when online classes are part of the curriculum.

Moreover, international MBA programs are well-suited to prepare candidates for careers in multinational corporations.


Specialized MBA programs cater to students whose lifestyles and careers don’t allow them to attend full-time school.

For instance, executive MBA programs are tailored for working professionals seeking to enhance their credentials and qualifications.

These programs often offer class schedules during nights and weekends, with occasional short residencies for intensive coursework.

Executive MBA programs primarily admit candidates with significant professional experience, enabling them to concentrate on advanced topics like leadership development.


MBA candidates have the option to focus on core disciplines like management or finance, but many programs also enable them to pursue concentrations in specific industries.

For instance, students can specialize in areas such as sports management, entrepreneurship, the entertainment business, or healthcare management within their MBA studies.

Even within the management specialty, MBA degrees offer opportunities for concentrations in diverse fields like information technology, hospitality, education, or criminal justice.

Additionally, some MBA programs collaborate with various professional healthcare programs, such as nursing schools, to provide joint degrees in related fields.


MBA programs differ in their length requirements. For instance, a degree at Franklin University usually requires 60 credit hours, whereas the University of Nebraska Omaha program consists of 33 credit hours.

MBA Degrees Uses

An MBA provides degree holders with two significant advantages: accelerated career advancement in their current field and the ability to make a successful transition into a new direction with an enhanced skillset.

The Wharton MBA program at the University of Pennsylvania highlights the following benefits and applications of an MBA to its prospective candidates:

Greater Awareness of a Global Market.

An MBA empowers candidates to gain a deeper understanding of various global dynamics and their impact on different regions of the world.

Improve Communication Skills. 

MBA candidates frequently engage in communication with fellow professionals, writing research papers, and delivering formal presentations.

Through their coursework, they can enhance their interpersonal skills, foster effective communication, and build strong relationships with others.

Expand Professional Network. 

One valuable aspect of an MBA degree is the connections made during the journey. Building relationships and networking are key benefits of an MBA program.

Besides acquiring knowledge, the MBA provides an opportunity to connect with peers for potential long-term mutual benefits.

Through formal and informal networking, individuals can exchange information and ideas with like-minded professionals.

Increased Job Opportunities

MBA candidates are frequently more sought after than other candidates due to their demonstrated skillset and commitment to their profession.

Moreover, earning an MBA can open up opportunities for career advancement and higher-level positions that may have been out of reach otherwise.

Better Time Management.

MBA candidates often face the challenge of balancing school, work, family, and other life commitments.

An aspect of an MBA program that is often underestimated is the development of essential soft skills like managing priorities, meeting deadlines, and effectively organizing time to meet various expectations.

MBA Degree Candidate Requirements

Each MBA program comes with its unique set of requirements. More prestigious programs or schools tend to have higher competition and may demand more from candidates before accepting them.

As an example, here are the admission requirements taken from the University of Washington (Bothell)’s MBA program:

Admission to the University of Washington (Bothell)’s MBA program typically requires the following:

1. Two or more years of full-time, professional-level work experience.

2. Completion of two (or more) short application essays.

3. Submission of two professional referees.

4. Official 4-year Bachelor’s degree transcript.

5. Demonstration of English Language Proficiency (program and candidate dependent).

6. Minimum 3.0-grade point average for the past 90 quarter credits or 60-semester credits.

7. Interview with the admissions committee before acceptance or decision.

8. Some programs may also require the submission of a GMAT/GRE score.

MBA Degree Cost

The cost of an MBA can vary significantly between different programs and schools due to the diverse services and benefits offered.

Top-tier MBA programs typically have higher expenses compared to local, smaller options.

For example, in 2022, the first-year budget for the Wharton MBA program amounted to almost $119,000.

This figure includes $85,000 for tuition, $23,000 for room and board, $7,000 for books and supplies, and $4,000 for health insurance.

To assist students in managing the financial burden, Wharton provides several Fellowship Programs.

Other two-year, full-time MBA programs may result in comparable expenses; for instance, a two-year program at the University of Chicago is estimated to cost nearly $156,000.

On the other hand, shorter-term or online MBA programs can be substantially more affordable.

For instance, the online MBA program at the Eller College of Management, University of Arizona, is priced at $51,525 and is promoted as achievable in as little as 14 months.

MBA Salary Benefits

An MBA typically yields enhanced skills, capabilities, and professional expertise that pave the way for a more successful career.

While pursuing an MBA incurs a material short-term expense, the goal is often to recoup it over time through higher salary opportunities.

As per Glassdoor’s data, MBA holders received an average annual compensation package of approximately $106,000 by the end of 2021.

Salaries have traditionally favored degree holders with substantial experience.

According to the data, individuals with one year or less of experience earned below $104,000 per year, while those with over 15 years of experience earned above $144,000.

In contrast, MBA holders typically earn significantly more than undergraduate business majors.

A 2019 study conducted by William & Mary revealed that MBA holders’ salaries were twice as high as those with Bachelor’s degrees.

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