How to Become a Citizen of Canada

Are you a permanent resident of Canada who wants to become a citizen? Do you want to enjoy the rights and privileges of being part of one of the world’s most diverse and welcoming countries?

If so, you might be wondering how to achieve this goal and what are the requirements and steps involved.

In this blog post, we will provide you with a complete guide on how to become a citizen of Canada, covering everything from eligibility criteria, application process, citizenship test, oath ceremony, and more.

We will also share some useful tips and resources to help you prepare for your journey to Canadian citizenship.

What are the benefits of becoming a Canadian citizen?

Becoming a Canadian citizen is not only a matter of pride and identity but also a way to access many benefits and opportunities that are not available to permanent residents. Some of these benefits include:

  • The right to vote and run for office in federal, provincial, and municipal elections
  • The right to apply for a Canadian passport, one of the most powerful passports in the world, allows you to travel visa-free to over 180 countries.

The right to travel and live abroad without losing your citizenship status

  • The right to access certain jobs that require a high-level security clearance
  • The right to pass on your citizenship to your children born outside Canada
  • The right to receive consular assistance from Canadian embassies and consulates when traveling abroad
  •  Enjoy the same rights and freedoms as other Canadians, such as freedom of expression, religion, and association

The right to participate in cultural and social activities that celebrate Canada’s diversity and heritage

Who can apply for Canadian citizenship?

To apply for Canadian citizenship, you must meet certain eligibility criteria that vary depending on your situation. However, the general requirements are:

  • You must be a permanent resident of Canada.
  • You must have lived in Canada for at least 3 out of the last 5 years (1,095 days) before applying.

You must have filed your taxes, if you need to, for at least 3 years within the 5-year period

  • You must pass a test on your rights, responsibilities, and knowledge of Canada.
  •  You must prove your language skills in English or French

How do you apply for Canadian citizenship?

The application process for Canadian citizenship involves several steps that can take up to 18 months or longer, depending on your situation.

Here is an overview of the main steps:

  1. Gather all the required documents, such as:
  • Your permanent resident card or record of landing (IMM 1000).
  •  Your passport or travel document, if you have one.
  • Your proof of language skills, if you need to.

Your income tax returns for at least three years in the five years before applying, if necessary.

  • Your physical presence calculator printout if you are applying online.
  •  Two photos that meet the photo specifications.
  •  Any other documents that apply to your situation, such as a name change certificate, a marriage certificate, a divorce decree, a death certificate, a citizenship certificate, a proof of adoption, etc
  1. Fill out the application form: You can download the application form from the official website of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

You can also request a paper copy by calling 1-888-242-2100. The application form has different sections depending on your situation, such as:

Application for Canadian Citizenship – Adults (CIT 0002)

  • Application for Canadian Citizenship
  • Minors (under 18 years of age) applying with parent or guardian (CIT 0003)
  • Application for Canadian Citizenship
  • Minors (under 18 years of age) applying alone (CIT 0403)
  • Application for Canadian Citizenship
  • Adopted person (CIT 0404)
  • Application for Canadian Citizenship
  • Stateless person born to a Canadian parent (CIT 0498)

Application for Canadian Citizenship  Canadian Armed Forces (CIT 0532)

Ensure you fill out the correct form for your situation and answer all the questions truthfully and completely. You can fill out the form online or on paper.

If you fill out the form online, you must print and sign it.

If you fill out the form on paper, you will need to use black ink and write clearly.

  1. Pay the application fees online and print the receipt. The fees are $630 for adults (18 or older) and $100 for minors (under 18).

4. Submit your application online or by mail. If you apply online, you will need to upload scanned copies of your documents.

5. Wait for a confirmation letter from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) that your application is complete and being processed.

6. Prepare for the citizenship test and interview. You will receive an invitation letter from IRCC with the date, time, and location of your test and interview. You will need to study the official study guide Discover Canada:

The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship and bring your original documents with you.

7. Take the citizenship test and interview. The test is a multiple-choice quiz with 20 questions based on the study guide. You will need to score at least 15 out of 20 to pass.

The interview is a short conversation with a citizenship officer who will verify your identity, documents, language skills, and knowledge of Canada.

8. Wait for the decision on your application. If you pass the test and interview, you will receive a notice informing you that your application has been approved.

9. Attend the citizenship ceremony. You will receive an invitation letter from IRCC with the date, time, and location of your ceremony.

You will need to bring your permanent resident card (if you have one) and any other documents requested by IRCC. You will also need to take the oath of citizenship and receive your certificate of Canadian citizenship.

How to prepare for the citizenship test and interview

As part of the application process, you will need to take a citizenship test and attend an interview with a citizenship officer. The test is usually written, but it may sometimes be oral.

The test is based on a study guide called Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship, which covers topics such as:

Canada’s history, geography, symbols, and culture

  • Canada’s political system, democracy, and government
  • Canada’s rights, freedoms, and responsibilities.
  •  Canada’s diversity and identity

You can find the study guide online or request a copy by mail from the Government of Canada website.

You can also find sample questions and practice tests online. The test is 30 minutes long and consists of 20 multiple-choice questions.

You need to answer at least 15 questions correctly to pass.

The interview is usually conducted after the test but may be scheduled separately in some cases.

The interview allows the citizenship officer to verify your identity, review your documents, assess your language skills, and ask questions about your application.

You should bring all your original documents and identification cards to the interview.

What are some tips and resources to help you become a Canadian citizen?

Becoming a Canadian citizen is a rewarding but challenging process that requires dedication, preparation, and patience. Here are some tips and resources that can help you along the way:

Keep track of your physical presence in Canada using a travel journal or a physical presence calculator. You will need to provide this information in your application and prove that you meet the residency requirement.

  • Practice your language skills in English or French by taking classes, reading books, watching movies, listening to podcasts, or joining conversation groups.

You will need to prove your language skills by providing evidence such as test results, diplomas, certificates, or transcripts.

Study for the citizenship test using the official study guide Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship. You can also use other resources such as online quizzes, flashcards, videos, or apps to test your knowledge and learn more about Canada’s history, geography, culture, government, and symbols.

  •  Learn about the citizenship ceremony and what to expect on that day. You can watch videos of previous ceremonies, read the oath of citizenship, and familiarize yourself with the etiquette and dress code for the event.

Connect with other newcomers and Canadians who can share their experiences, advice, and support with you. You can join online forums, social media groups, or community organizations that cater to immigrants and newcomers.


We hope this article has given you a comprehensive overview of how to become a citizen of Canada and what are the benefits, requirements, and steps involved.

If you have any questions or need more information, you can visit the official website of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada or contact us for professional guidance and assistance.

We wish you all the best in your journey to Canadian citizenship!

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